Nara Park, historical temples and shrines (UNESCO World Heritage) in Nara

 

My visit to Nara was an unforgettable one! Right from the start of my journey from Hirakata (you can read more about me and Japan here) the rain that so gracefully showered intermittently throughout the day and the highlights of Nara’s iconic temples, stone lanterns, sacred deer…the list goes on. Allow me to share some of these experiences with you, hoping to inspire you to visit Nara, home to eight UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Next to Kyoto, Nara is a city that is rich in cultural legacy of temples, shrines and gardens. Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. It is easy to get to, less than an hour train journey from either Osaka or Kyoto (see useful information below on how to get here) and makes a nice destination for a day trip, for individuals, couples and families. The eight UNESCO World Heritage sites can fill a day’s itinerary of any visitor here.

I could not visit all the Sites because it rained for most of the day on my visit. I spent a good 6 hours in Nara City, taking a stroll through the Park, feeding deer and visiting the most iconic temples within the Park which I would highly recommend. Also, try and fit in a walk around in the City.  You can use my list here and follow my walk or you could buy A Complete Guide to Nara: A Photographic Journey to plan a comprehensive visit to Nara City.

1. Nara Park in Nara

Nara Park in Nara is a park that spans over 660 hectares is a Must See for any visitor to this iconic and historical City. Practically everyone comes here because it is through this Park that you access other historical and UNESCO World Heritage sites. Nara Park is a public park, situated in Central Nara, at the foot of Mt. Wakakusa. The Park was established in 1880 and is the oldest park in Japan.

Nara Park in Nara City is a beautiful Park of 660 hectares at the foot of Mt. Wakakusa is home to 1200 free-roaming deer
Nara Park in Nara City is a beautiful Park of 660 hectares at the foot of Mt. Wakakusa is home to 1200 free-roaming deer

Nara Park is home to nearly 1200 free-roaming deer and they are a symbol of the City. In Shinto, deer are considered to be messengers of gods and they have been designated as national treasure.  The deer are surprisingly tame and people-friendly. It was my first experience to be so close and personal to one.

However, they can get aggressive if they think that you are going to feed them, but really, they are nothing to worry about. Some deer will bow, as a gesture, asking to be fed. You can feed them with wafer-like deer crackers, shika senbei which are sold around the Park for about 100 Yen.

It is nice to watch the carefree life of these sacred messengers who are no trouble at all. There is so much more to Nara Park which you may wish to explore. If you wish to Nara Like a Local, by using a local tour guide, click here and find out more. 

The deer in Nara Park, Nara City are tame and people friendly. You can pat them, feed them and there's nothing to worry about!
The deer in Nara Park, Nara City are tame and people friendly. You can pat them, feed them and there’s nothing to worry about!

The iconic temples and shrines in Nara

The iconic temples and shrines which I visited are all located within Nara Park.

2. Todaiji Temple (東大寺) in Nara is the #1 historical landmark to visit

Todaiji means “Great Eastern Temple” and is a landmark of Nara. It was one of the Seven Great Temples of Japan. Todaiji is situated in the northern part of Nara Park.

Todaiji Temple in Nara is an iconic landmark which should not be missed
Todaiji Temple in Nara is an iconic landmark which should not be missed

Todaiji Temple is one of Japan’s most historic of temples which was originally constructed in 752, during the Nara period, by Emperor Shomu to bring peace to the country. It was the head temple of all Buddhist temples in Japan and played an influential role in government affairs at that time. However, it was destroyed by fire, twice, in 1180 and in 1567. The present structure was constructed during the Edo period under the direction of monk Kokei.

A closer view of the majestic Todaiji Temple
A closer view of the majestic Todaiji Temple
The approach to Todaiji Temple is through the Nandaimon, the Great Southern Gate.
The approach to Todaiji Temple is through the Nandaimon, the Great Southern Gate.

This, large wooden gate, guarded by two fierce looking Kon-go-Rikishi guardian statutes representing the Nio Guardian Kings are designated as national treasures.

i) The Todaiji Hall at Todaiji Temple, Nara

The highlight of my visit to Todaiji Temple was the Todaiji Hall or the Main Hall (kondo) also known as Daibutsuden (Great Buddha Hall 大仏殿). The Daibutsuden is the largest wooden building in the world and was reconstructed in 1692. Today it represents only two-thirds of the original temple hall’s size. The Daibutsuden hall is home to 15m (50ft) high seated Buddha with two Bodhisattvas on each side. The sheer size of it when up close will take your breath away!

15 metre (50 feet) tall statute of Buddha in the main hall of Todaiji Temple
15 metre (50 feet) tall statute of Buddha in the main hall of Todaiji Temple

Walking along with the crowd inside of the hall, there are some Buddhist statutes and models of old buildings. What caught my attention and many around me was a pillar with a hole in its base. I saw children and a few adults going through one end and coming through the other. The hole is said to be the same size as the Daibutsu’s nostrils and that those who can go through this opening will receive enlightenment in their next life. It was interesting and fun to watch!

The main hall in the Todaiji Temple-The hole at the bottom of this pillar is said to be as big as the nostrils of the 15m high Buddha
The main hall in the Todaiji Temple-The hole at the bottom of this pillar is said to be as big as the nostrils of the 15m high Buddha

If you are visiting Nara, Todaiji Temple is a “must see”.  There is not just the Daibutsuden Hall where the 50ft Buddha sits but also because of its vast, spacious grounds which are home to several other buildings. There are Todaiji Musuem, Nigatsudo Hall and the Hokkedo Hall – all worth a visit and good value for money.

Part of the Todaiji Temple grounds in Nara where the visitor centre is for you to purchase souvenirs and crafts
Part of the Todaiji Temple grounds in Nara where the visitor centre is for you to purchase souvenirs and crafts

ii) Travel tips and Useful information on Todaiji Temple, Nara

Opening times and Admission

Daibutsuden Hall

600 Yen

Opened all year round

Opening times: 07:30 – 17:30 (Apr – Oct)

08:00 – 17:00 (Nov – Mar)

Todaiji’s grounds are spacious and is also home to several other buildings such as the

Todaiji Museum

600 Yen

Opens from 09:30 to 16:00

** I did a combined ticket for Daibutsuden Hall and the Museum for 1000 Yen.

Nigatsudo Hall

Free admission

Stays open

Hokkedo Hall

600 Yen

Same opening hours as Daibutsuden

Kaidanin Temple

600 Yen

Same opening hours as Daibutsuden

3. Kasuga Taisha (春日大社) shrine, Nara

Following on from Todaiji Temple, you would probably want to make your way, as I, to Kasuga Taisha (春日大社) shrine. It is still within Nara, on the opposite side of Nara Park to Todaiji Temple, across the road (you can see it on the map, below on useful information).

A walk through the forest in Nara Park , across the road on the opposite side to Todaiji Temple is this serene and peaceful path that leads to Kasuga Taisha shrine
A walk through the forest in Nara Park , across the road on the opposite side to Todaiji Temple is this serene and peaceful path that leads to Kasuga Taisha shrine

Kasuga Taisha shrine is dedicated to the deity that protects the city. Legend has it that Takemikazuchi no Mikoto, travelled from Ibaraki, northern Japan on a white deer all the way to Mt. Mikasa, a holy mountain, to reside on its summit for the prosperity and happiness of the nation. She is one of the four deities enshrined here since the shrine was built in 768 AD by the Fujiwara clan.

i) The walk through the forest of Nara Park, Nara

The walk along the footpath in the atmospheric forest is serene and peaceful, lined with hundreds and hundreds of stone lanterns and many nestled in the woods. You can feel the quietness as you approach the impressive Shinto shrine with cute little sacred deer peeking from behind these stone lanterns every so often where you will want to stop and take some pictures.

The footpath to Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara is lined with stone lanterns
The footpath to Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara is lined with stone lanterns
There are these beautiful stone lanterns all the way up the path to the Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara. Could you imagine the simple subtle beauty of these glimmering light when lit up at dusk.
There are these beautiful stone lanterns all the way up the path to the Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara. Could you imagine the simple subtle beauty of these glimmering light when lit up at dusk.
Walking through Nara Park to Kasuga Taisha shrine, there are lanterns and peeking deer
Walking through Nara Park to Kasuga Taisha shrine, there are lanterns and peeking deer 🙂

Near the entrance to the shrine, there is a Museum dedicated to the most impressive and important swords, suits of armour and various other items dedicated to the deities since the 8th century.

ii) Lanterns at Kasuga Taisha, Nara

Kasuga Taisha is popular for its many stone lanterns that lines the path, and many more in the woods and bronze lanterns which you will see hanging along the wall of the buildings all throughout the shrine. The North cloister where the Fujinami-no-ya hall is situated, behind the main shrine is filled with hundreds of lanterns.

These lanterns are lit twice a year, in February and August during the Mantoro Festival. It gives you a certain feel when you just imagine, the beauty of the paths through the forest and the lanterns hung throughout the shrine when these 3000 flickering lanterns are lit up from sunset. The beautiful contrast of the shrine itself, the bright orange red, with white walls and the hinoki cypress bark roof as against the green of the ancient woods just paints a serene beauty.

I had never seen so many variations of lanterns in one place that were also well maintained.

Hanging lanterns all around the wall_Kasuga Taisha, Nara
Hanging lanterns all around the wall_Kasuga Taisha, Nara
Hanging golden lanterns all around the walls at Kasuga Taisha, Nara
Hanging golden lanterns all around the walls at Kasuga Taisha, Nara

iii) Wisteria at Kasuga Taisha, Nara

Kasuga Taisha is surrounded by and is famous for about 200 of its wisteria trees which blooms from late April to early May. I visited Nara late April, and it was a perfect time to witness the beauty of these blooms.

You can find some of these around the shrine, but a large part of the Shinen Manyo Botanical Garden which is close-by to the Shrine is dedicated to these beautiful flowers. The Garden is also home to about 250 kinds of plants, described in Manyoshu. Manyoshu is a collection of Japan’s oldest poems which dates to the Nara period.

Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara is surrounded by beautiful wisteria trees. Perfect time to catch these in bloom is between end of April and early May
Kasuga Taisha shrine in Nara is surrounded by beautiful wisteria trees. Perfect time to catch these in bloom is between end of April and early May

iv) Kasugayama Primeval Forest, Nara

From Kasuga Taisha, there are paths leading through the forest park to Mt. Wakakusa. Behind the Kasuga Taisha shrine is the Kasugayama Primeval Forest, a sacred area which is closed to the public and remained untouched for over 1000 years. Both the Kasuga Taisha and the Kasugayama Primeval Forest are jointly designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

v) Travel tips and Useful information on Kasuga Taisha shrine, Nara

Getting here:

If you are planning to walk, like I did, from Todaiji Temple to Kasuga Taisha Shrine, then you will  probably do the following route:

Walking route from Todaiji Temple to Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara Park, Nara
Walking route from Todaiji Temple to Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara Park, Nara

If you walk from Kintetsu Nara Station (more on this below) it will take about 35 to 40 minutes and your route will probably look like this:

Walking route from Kintetsu Nara Station to Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara
Walking route from Kintetsu Nara Station to Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara

Opening times and admission:

Kasuga Taisha

Opening times: Apr-Sept – 06:00 – 18:00

Oct-Mar – 06:30 – 17:00

Admission fee: Free [outer area]

500 Yen [inner area]

Kasuga Taisha Museum

Opening times: 10:00 – 17:00 [last admission: 16:30]

Admission fee: 500 Yen

Botanical Garden

Opening times: Mar – Nov – 09:00 – 17:00 [last admission: 16:30]

Dec – Feb – 09:00 – 16:30 [last admission: 16:00]

Admission fee: 500 Yen

4. Kofukuji (興福寺) Temple in Nara

From Kasuga Taisha, it was another pleasant walk through Nara Park, to the high street and to Kofukuji (興福寺) Temple in Nara which is the fourth on my list of unforgetable experience. By now the rain had stopped and the freshness in the air was a welcome.

Kofukuji (興福寺) Temple is a Buddhist Temple. It was one of the Seven Powerful Great Temples, alongside Todaiji in Nara. It is now listed as one of the eight UNESCO World Heritage site in Nara. This five-storey pagoda stands at 50 metres and is the second largest wooden pagoda in Japan as well as being Japan’s second tallest, about 7 metres less than the five-storey pagoda at Toji Temple, Kyoto. It was first constructed in 730 AD and rebuilt in 1426.

5 storey pagoda at Kofukuji Temple, Nara - see how tiny people are as against the pagoda!
5 storey pagoda at Kofukuji Temple, Nara – see how tiny people are as against the pagoda!

The highlight of visiting Kofukuji, which is both a landmark and symbol of Nara, is its National Treasure Museum. The Museum is home to the temple’s great art collection and a Must for lovers of Buddhist Art.

It was rather nice to walk around the temple grounds after the rain. Less crowd, no rush and gentle freshness to the air. It was quiet, peaceful and serene.

 

i) Travel tips and Useful information on Kofukuji Temple, Nara

Opening times and admission

FREE to walk around the temple grounds

Entry to the museum – 700 Yen.

Opening hours: 09:00 – 17:00

Travel tips on Nara, Japan

Getting here:

Nara is conveniently located and can be accessed from Osaka, Kyoto, Tokyo and Hiroshima or from any part of Japan’s mainline train stations.

Nara is served by 2 lines – the JR line and the Kintetsu Line. Both stations are centrally located and easy access to buses. You can check narastation.com  for more information

I used Kintetsu Nara Station as I travelled from Kyoto.

Below is a bird’s eye view of Nara Park and the location of the historic places I visited, Todaiji Temple, Kasuga Taisha Shrine and Kofukuji Temple.

A bird’s eye view of Nara Park and the location of the historic places I visited, Todaiji Temple, Kasuga Taisha Shrine and Kofukuji Temple.in Nara

A bird’s eye view of Nara Park and the location of the historic places I visited, Todaiji Temple, Kasuga Taisha Shrine and Kofukuji Temple.in Nara

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4 Unforgettable Experiences in Nara, Japan
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2 Comments

  1. This is excellent! A useful guide. I plan to visit Nara
    in July and this info is useful.
    Lovely pictures!
    Thank you!

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